Bikaner is one of the historical cities of Rajasthan in India. Located at an altitude of 242 meters above sea level, Bikaner is a land of forts and palaces. It is situated amid the hot Thar desert of Rajasthan at a distance of 240 km from Jodhpur city. Bikaner was found by Maharaja Bika Ji in 1459 AD, which was earlier known by the name of Jungladesh.
Some of the famous palaces during Bikaner travel are Lalgarh Palace, Laxmi Niwas Palace and Junagarh Fort. Bikaner is also known for its Usta art, paintings made on objects and paper by using opaque and translucent water colours. Bikaner is also famous for its fried snacks and mouth watering sweets. ‘Bhujia and Papad’ of Bikaner have fetched immense appreciation from people on Bikaner tour.
Bikaner is also world famous by the name of Camel Country. World’s largest Camel research and breeding farm is situated in Bikaner. Hindi and Marwari are the main languages spoken by the localites.
Climate of Bikaner
Climate of Bikaner is extreme by virtue of being situated in the Thar desert. It receives very little rainfall and temperature rises upto 50 degree celsius in summers and dips below to freezing point in winters.
Best time of Bikaner travel is from September to March as summers are extremely hot.
Main Attractions of Bikaner City
Lalgarh Palace is one of the major attractions of Bikaner tour. It was built in the memory of Maharaja Lal Singh by his son Maharaja Ganga Singh in 1902. This architectural masterpiece made of red sandstone was designed by Sir Swinton Jacob, which is visible in its architectural fusion on Mughal, Rajput and European styles. Its latticework and intricate filigree work showcase the delicacy of craftsmanship. A library is housed inside the Lalgarh palace which has the largest collection of gold, silver and copper plaques, and the original manuscripts written in Sanskrit on parchments.
Lalgarh palace has been converted into a luxury heritage hotel. There is also Shri Sadul museum inside the palace which houses huge collection of manuscripts, books, photographs and albums.
Junagarh palace is an another palace which is a must visit site during Bikaner tour. It is one of those palaces in India, which was never conquered by the enemy army. It was built in 1953 by Raja Rai Singh. The palace has been built with red sandstone and marble, and has been decorated with gold polish, mirror work, enamel work and lime plaster. It is one of the rarest forts in India, which has not been built on the hilltop. There are some of the buildings and forts inside Junagarh palace like Rang Mahal, Anup Mahal and Ganga Niwas, which are must visit places during Bikaner travel.
Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum
Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum was established in 1937 on the golden jubilee celebrations of Maharaja Ganga Singh. Housed in Lalgarh palace, the museum exhibits collections of sculptures, history and artwork. It also exhibits collection of miniature paintings, carpets, pottery terracotta, armoury and ancient coins.
Bhandeshwar Jain Temples
Bhandeshwar Jain Temple is the oldest existing structure of Bikaner, which attract a large number of devotees on their travel to Bikaner. The temple, which is dedicated to 23rd Jain Tirthankara Parshvanathji, was built and named after them by two brothers Bhandeshwar and Sandheswar. It was built near to Laxminath Temple in 1514 AD. The temple has been carved in white marble and red sandstone and is famous for its structural beauty, statues and wall paintings.
Excursion from Bikaner City
Karni Mata Temple, Deshnoke
Karni Mata Temple is situated at a distance of about 30 km from Bikaner city at Deshnoke. The main attraction of the temple is the presence of a large number of brown rats in the temple. The temple was constructed by Ganga Singh, the former Maharaja of Bikaner. It has been constructed by using marble and its architecture has been intricately worked upon by the artisans. It is also one of the sought after sites by visitors during their travel to Bikaner.
Air :Jodhpur city has the nearest airport, which is at a distance of about 240 km from Bikaner city. From Jodhpur, the facility of taxis and deluxe or ordinary buses can be availed to reach Bikaner.
Rail :Bikaner railway station is connected by trains from Delhi, Kalka, Bhatinda, Jaipur and Howrah.
Road :Bikaner city is well connected by a wide network of roads. It is at a distance of about 456 km from Delhi, 330 km from Jaisalmer and 31 km from Jaipur. Rajasthan state roadways and private luxury and ordinary buses ply from Bikaner to various major cities of North India.
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